Monday, February 2, 2015

Neurofeedback Can Reduce Stress

Can Neurofeedback Help Reduce Stress ?

Yes it can, is the short answer. It can do this in two ways:
  1. It can help alleviate the symptoms of Stress.
  2. It can train the brain to cope better with Stress and avoid the symptoms.
Because Stress is not measured directly researchers don’t study the impact of Neurofeedback on Stress directly, they have studied the impact of Neurofeedback on many of the symptoms and causes of stress that can be measured.
For example the first study on using Neurofeedback to reduce Anxiety was published in 1978:
This paper considered multiple studies on Neurofeedback treatment for Anxiety and Depression, finding finding particularly positive research support for the treatment of anxiety disorders, finding“particularly positive research support for the treatment of anxiety disorders”:

What is Stress

Symptoms of StressStress is a common term in our current busy society and is best described by how one feels and responses, when dealing with challenges and pressures. Stress can be experienced within relationships, at school or work and when dealing with health or financial issues. The responses to stress can vary enormously; for one stress can have a motivating effect (sometimes called ‘eustress) and he or her will work harder and more focused, for another it can limit his or her concentration and mistakes are made.  For some it can even cause more severe consequences. This ‘bad stress’ is sometimes called ‘distress’.
The cause of stress is the production of excessive ‘stress hormones’. When experiencing pressure, the central nervous system is activated, which enables the body to produce stress hormones as part of the natural ‘fight or flight response’ designed to prepare our bodies mentally and physically for danger.
Normally, the level of stress hormones will stabilise again, when the pressure has gone, but when there is persistent pressure, or when pressures are too high to cope with, the level of stress hormones stays too high, generating several mental and psychical symptoms. In such situations, stress can for example have a great impact on someone’s feelings, thoughts, behaviours, as well appetite and sleeping patterns.
An important point is that what makes us stressed differs from person to person and that stress is a problem when an individual perceives that the demands on them are more than they can cope with.

Symptoms of Stress

Experienced symptoms of stress differ from person to person. It is important to identify symptoms of stress in an early stage because when untreated, stress can cause (more) severe mental and physical health problems. Associated Symptoms of stress can be cognitive, emotional, physical, or behavioural.
Cognitive symptomsEmotional symptomsPhysical symptomsBehavioural
Memory problemsMoodinessAches and painsEating more or less
Inability to concentrateIrritability or short temperDiarrhea or constipationSleeping too much or too little
Poor judgmentAgitation, inability to relaxIncreased frequency of urinationIsolating oneself from others
Pessimistic approach or thoughtsFeeling overwhelmedIndigestionProcrastinating or neglecting responsibilities
Anxious or racing thoughtsSense of loneliness and isolationChanges in blood glucoseUsing alcohol, cigarettes, or drugs to relax
Constant worryingDepression or general unhappinessNausea, dizzinessNervous habits (e.g. nail biting, pacing)

Treatment for Stress

The initial step in treating stress is often prevention, learning to read the signs that stress is coming on, and self-managing stress. These options can consist of relaxation techniques, talking with someone, exercise, and support in for example planning and organisation. When stress remains after applying these ‘basic’ options, stress management groups, counselling or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is commonly recommended.  In case of more severe health problems, prescribed medication could be considered.

Stress and Neurofeedback

Another option to reduce stress is Neurofeedback.
Neurofeedback training has proven to be very helpful in stress, especially since the central nervous system – which enables the body to produce stress hormones – is trained to cope better with varying demands to avoid stress.
Neurofeedback; dealing with Stress
This is different to managing stress, where one learns to deal with stress symptoms, or medication, which suppresses the symptoms. With Neurofeedback the central nervous system can be stabilised, to decrease mood swings and headaches.
Additionally, agitation caused by stress can be calmed down and self control can be increased. This will decrease feelings of anxiety or anger and improve, self-esteem, concentration and organization skills.

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